Nile pollution in Egypt: Revisiting the Household’s environmental behaviour


Freshwater contamination is a major issue in Egypt. Municipal and industrial disposal of non-degradable metal and anthropogenic effluents have been recorded to primarily contribute, through bioaccumulation, to the ecological damage in NR (Abdel-Satar & Elewa, 2001; Abdel-Satar, 2005; El-Bouraie et al., 2010; Shamrukh & Abdel-Wahab, 2011; Ezzat et al., 2012; Goher et al., 2014; Ali et al., 2014). This motivates the present research to investigate the problem of metal-contamination in NR and incorporate behavioural insights in designing a sustainable approach to preserve freshwater quality.


The present research aims to:

1. address the contribution of various economic sectors to NR metal-contamination.
2. investigate the factors surrounding uniformed decisions of contaminants disposal.
3. provide policy implications.
4. directions for future research in channels of nudging an environmentally friendly behaviour.

By filling this survey, you are helping us take real actions towards mitigating freshwater pollution.